How to care for Persian Carpets and Oriental Rugs
Owning a Persian Carpet or Oriental Rug is a significant investment. These statement pieces require particular care, and understanding the best way to look after them will ensure you protect your investment and maintain their innate beauty.
An authentic Persian Carpet is characterised by its distinct weaving technique, use of high-quality materials, artistic design and multitude of complementary colours and patterns. The history of these rugs dates back to 400BC when the very first literary reference to them was of luxury and prestige, by Greek author and philosopher Xenophon.
Persian rugs are highly sought after today for their beauty and craftsmanship, with a genuine Persian Rug of the highest quality commanding a substantial price tag. The distinction between Persian and Oriental comes down to the location of origin. In many cases, a genuine Persian Rug is considered to originate from Iran (or the areas of Ancient Persia), with Oriental Rugs heralding from areas such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkey or India.
Rug Placement & Position
When you bring your new rug home, the placement and positioning will dictate your cleaning regime. Placing your rug in direct sunlight will eventually fade the colours. So be cautious about arranging your carpet in a protected area if maintaining the vibrancy of colours is important to you.
The amount of traffic that will travel across the rug will also affect the weekly care routine. So think about what foot traffic will go across the carpet. If you are placing furniture on your oriental rug, moving the legs every few months will ensure permanent indentation does not occur.
Persian Carpet Care Routine
If you place your rug in an area of moderate to heavy traffic you will need to vacuum this with a gentle brush about once per week. For rugs with longer piles, you can also take them outside and beat them gently on the back to remove dirt that has been caught in the pile.
If your Persian Carpet or Oriental Rug is an antique, a gentle carpet sweeper or brush should be used, paying attention to the grain of the fibres. It is crucial with antique rugs not to beat or shake them vigorously.
Spills and Colourfastness
Knowing the fibre content and colourfastness of the carpet is essential. Persian and Oriental Carpets can be manufactured from wool or silk, and the care details for these fibres are different. The colourfastness of the dyes and the overall age or fragility of the rug should also be considered. These styles of rugs generally are not constructed with colourfast dyes.
Removing the food or liquid would be your first consideration. However, you would be wise to consult a professional carpet cleaner for advice as an incorrect cleaning method could result in permanent damage, colour spreading or weakening of the delicate carpet fibres.
If you need to mop up a spill, do not rub or agitate the fibres. Use a clean white cloth and simply press gently, then repeat with another clean white cloth. Placing a towel or other old piece of linen under the rug can protect your carpet from a colour transfer.
Professional Persian Carpet Cleaning Service
If not adequately treated liquid spills can spell disaster for Persian and Oriental Rugs. So to ensure there is no permanent damage, contact a professional carpet cleaning company with experience in dealing with these premium items. Your professional can also arrange for an annual clean of not only your Persian Rug, but any carpets, mattresses and soft furnishings in the one visit.